Emotional Intelligence- Why do you need it?

Imagine getting a job because you have many credentials and several years of experience only to be sacked because you could not get along with other employees and superiors in your organization.

Posted 17 days ago in Psychological.

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Nilin Ganguly
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Your personality and character plays a major role in your career development. Identifying your personality type will help you to know your strengths and weaknesses early on. Your personality will affect your relationships with colleagues, managers, partners and clients. Not only that, it has been found that personality may shape our interests and likings, and can have a profound effect on which job we will choose or what our career prospects might be. In fact, one of the primary tasks that companies do when selecting and hiring candidates is evaluating their core competencies. This is done through psychometric tests like aptitude and personality tests.

Knowledge and experience are no doubt important criteria for any job but companies are increasingly using psychometric evaluation to see if the potential candidates are a good fit for the position and company culture. A good natural fit for the company will mean less expenditure on integration and training by the company. Therefore it is necessary to know what psychometric tests are and how you should answer them.

Most psychometric tests will include logical reasoning, verbal ability and numerical tests. It is necessary to practice for cognitive ability tests before you sit for them. Situational judgement tests are also used for more complex and challenging job roles. These tests aim to assess skills and abilities which you have acquired over the years rather than the degrees or diplomas you have earned till now.

The focus on personality tests remains on emotional intelligence rather than intelligence quotient.

Emotional quotient aims to assess how well you can identify and manage your own emotions as well as others. It has its application in all types of tasks in work like problem solving, group thinking, job satisfaction and workplace relations.

The Big Five personality model is often used to assess a person’s personality. These 5 traits are pretty broad and consist of conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness to experience and extraversion, abbreviated as OCEAN or CANOE.

There are numerous tests that can assess a candidate’s personality tests. One of them is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. This personality test is based on Carl Jung’s theory that we have these 4 psychological feelings - sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking. There can be 16 different personality types and the table is known as type table.

The Enneagram of personality is another model which is used to assess personality characteristics in workplace. It is made up of nine types and a person will belong to a particular type though he may have certain characteristics of other types. These nine types are reformer, helper, achiever, individualist, investigator, loyalist, enthusiast, challenger and peacemaker.

Many people believe that humans have both fixed and “free” traits. For example, you professor or teacher might be an introvert but may speak with passion and interest when he/she is delivering a lecture. This is of particular importance since first impressions may not mean all that much especially in the workplace.

Knowing your personality is critical to your success. You must also have an understanding of the personality of those around you. They play a role in every situation, whether you are with your friends at lunch or you are in a meeting with your co-workers. Personality might not influence our behaviour all the time but they explain consistencies in behaviour and can predict future behaviour.